US Rebalance to Asia

February 27, 2013

A One Year Assessment:
Where Have We Been and Where Are We Going?

Hover over each session for details and to download the full audio from that speaker or panel.


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    David Maxwell (bio)
    Associate Director, Georgetown Center for Security Studies

  • 0945-1000 OPENING ADDRESS

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    Senator The Honourable David Johnston (bio)
    Shadow Minister for Defence, Australia

  • 1000-1100 PANEL ONE: American Views of the Rebalance

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    Chair: Michael Green (bio)
    Senior Vice President for Asia and Japan Chair, CSIS
    Associate Professor, Georgetown Asian Studies Program

    David Berteau (bio)
    Senior Vice President, CSIS
    Adjunct Professor, Georgetown Center for Security Studies
    Matthew Herrmann (bio)
    Legislative Director, Congresswoman Madeleine Bordallo (D-Guam)

  • 1115-1215 PANEL TWO: Rebalancing and U.S. Alliances

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    Chair: Victor Cha (bio)
    Senior Adviser and Korea Chair, CSIS
    Professor and Director, Georgetown Asian Studies Program

    Lieutenant General Noboru Yamaguchi (Ret.)
    Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan
    Kim Changsu (bio)
    Senior Research Fellow and Director of the Center for Security and Strategy,
    Korea Institute for Defense Analyses
    Russell Trood (bio)
    Director and Adjunct Professor, Defence and Security Program,
    United States Studies Centre


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    Mark Lippert (bio)
    Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs

  • 1330-1430 PANEL THREE: Rebalancing and U.S.-China Relations

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    Chair: Oriana Skylar Mastro (bio)
    Fellow, Center for a New American Security

    Admiral Yang Yi (Ret.) (bio)
    Former Director of the Institute for Strategic Studies,
    People's Liberation Army National Defense University
    Bates Gill (bio)
    CEO, United States Studies Centre


  • 1445-1545 PANEL FOUR: Service Perspectives

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    Chair: Thomas McNaugher (bio)
    Senior Visiting Professor and Director of Studies,
    Georgetown Center for Security Studies

    Jamie Morin (bio)
    Acting Under Secretary of the Air Force
    Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management and Comptroller
    Major General Jeffrey J. Snow (bio)
    Director of Strategy, Plans and Policy,
    Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, United States Army
    Vice Admiral Mark I. Fox (bio)
    Deputy CNO for Operations, Plans and Strategy (N3/N5), United States Navy








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    The Honourable Robert Hill AC (bio)
    Adjunct Professor, United States Studies Centre and
    former Minister for Defence, Australia
    Michael Green (audio) (bio)
    Senior Vice President for Asia and Japan Chair, CSIS
    Associate Professor, Georgetown Asian Studies Program
    David Maxwell (audio) (bio)
    Associate Director, Georgetown Center for Security Studies









Prof. David Berteau
Senior Vice President and Director of International Security Program, CSIS
Adjunct Professor, Georgetown Center for Security Studies

David J. Berteau is senior vice president and director of the CSIS International SecurityProgram, which encompasses the entire range of national security programs, includingdefense policy and resources, homeland security, nuclear arms issues, the developmentsecurityinterface, security economics, and defense and military strategy. He is also directorof the CSIS Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group, covering defense management, programs,contracting and acquisition, and the defense industry. Recent projects include the CSISstudy on U.S. forward presence in the Asia-Pacific region and presentations on the impact ofsequestration on national security. In addition to CSIS, Mr. Berteau is an adjunct professorat Georgetown University and at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, a directorof the Procurement Round Table, and a fellow of both the National Academy of PublicAdministration and the Robert S. Strauss Center at the University of Texas. Prior to joiningCSIS, he was the faculty director of Syracuse University’s National Security Studies Program,and he has 15 years of senior corporate experience. He held senior positions in the U.S.Defense Department under four defense secretaries. Mr. Berteau graduated from TulaneUniversity in 1971 and received his master’s degree in 1981 from the LBJ School of PublicAffairs at the University of Texas.

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Dr. Victor Cha
Senior Adviser and Korea Chair, CSIS
Director of the Asian Studies Program and D.S. Song Chair,Georgetown University

Professor Victor D. Cha (Ph.D. Columbia, MA Oxford, BA Columbia) is director of AsianStudies and holds the D.S. Song Chair in the Department of Government and School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. In 2009, he was named as Senior Adviser and theinaugural holder of the new Korea Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studiesin Washington, DC.

He left the White House in May 2007 after serving since 2004 as Director for Asian Affairs atthe National Security Council. At the White House, he was responsible primarily for Japan,the Korean peninsula, Australia/New Zealand and Pacific Island nation affairs. Dr. Cha wasalso the Deputy Head of Delegation for the United States at the Six Party Talks in Beijing,and received two Outstanding Service commendations during his tenure at the NSC.

He is the author of five books: 1) Alignment Despite Antagonism: The United States-Korea-Japan Security Triangle (Stanford University Press) (winner of the 2000 Ohira Book Prize), 2) Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies (Columbia University Press, 2004 with Dave Kang), 3) Beyond the Final Score: The Politics of Sport in Asia (Columbia, 2009); 4) The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future (HarperCollins, 2012); and 5) Powerplay: Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia (Princeton University Press, forthcoming). He has written articles on international relations and East Asia in journals including Foreign Affairs, International Security, Political Science Quarterly, Survival, International Studies Quarterly, and Asian Survey.  Professor Cha is a former John M. Olin National Security Fellow at Harvard University, two-time Fulbright Scholar, and Hoover National Fellow, CISAC Fellow, and William J. Perry Fellow at Stanford University. He holds Georgetown’s Dean’s Award for teaching in 2010 and the Distinguished Research Award for 2011.

He serves as an independent consultant, and has testified before Congress on Asian security issues. He has been a guest analyst for various media including CNN, ABC Nightline, NBC Today Show, CBS Morning Show, Fox News, MSNBC, CNBC, BBC, ESPN, Sports Illustrated, and National Public Radio. He has a cameo role (as himself) in the upcoming action film “Red Dawn” (Contrafilm, MGM, Vincent Newman Entertainment) scheduled for release in November 2012.

His newest book, The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future (released April 2012 by HarperCollins Ecco), is one of the first books that looks at North Korea after the death of Kim Jong-il.

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Vice Admiral Mark Fox
Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Operations, Plans and Strategy (N3/N5)

A native of Abilene, Texas, Vice Adm. Fox was commissioned in June 1978 upon graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy and was designated a naval aviator in March 1980.

Since 1990, Fox has spent the majority of his operational career deploying to and operating in the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility. U.S. Naval Central ommand/U.S. 5th Fleet/Combined Maritime Forces was Fox’s fourth command tour in the region; he previously commanded Strike Fighter Squadron 81 aboard USS Enterprise (CVN 65); Carrier Air Wing Two aboard USS Constellation (CV 64); and, Carrier Strike Group 10 aboard USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75). Additionally, he served as communications division chief and spokesman for the Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF-I) in Baghdad from 2006-07, where he worked extensively with coalition partners.

Other command and executive leadership assignments include service as commander, Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center in Fallon, Nev.; deputy assistant to the President and, director, White House Military Office (WHMO), responsible for overseeing all military support to the President; commodore of the Strike Fighter Wing, U.S. Pacific Fleet in Lemoore, Calif.; and, service as the first commanding officer of Strike Fighter Squadron 122, the Navy’s first FA-18E/F Super Hornet squadron, in Lemoore. Shore tours include: duty as the deputy director of WHMO; service as the aviation programs liaison officer in the Navy’s Office of Legislative Affairs in Washington, D.C.; joint duty as the maritime plans officer at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Casteau, Belgium; aide and flag lieutenant for Commander, Naval Air Forces, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and the assistant chief of naval operations (Air Warfare - OP-05); a tour as the Light Attack/Strike Fighter junior officer detailer in the Naval Military Personnel Command, and as an A-7E Corsair II instructor pilot in Attack Squadron 174. Fox has flown over 100 combat sorties, logged over 4,900 flight hours and 1,347 arrested landings on 15 different aircraft carriers. Military awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, Legion of Merit with two gold stars, and the Distinguished Flying Cross with Combat ‘V’. He has completed executive education programs at the Naval War College, National Defense University, Harvard University, and University of North Carolina Chapel Hill.

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Dr. Bates Gill
CEO, United States Studies Centre

Dr. Bates Gill commenced as CEO of the US Studies Centre in October 2012 after a five year appointment as the Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Before being named SIPRI Director in 2007, Gill held the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, D.C from 2002. He served as a Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies and inaugural Director of the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C., from 1998 to 2002.

Before his work at Brookings, Dr. Gill’s previous assignments included directing the East Asia programs at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies in Monterey, California. He also held the Fei Yiming Chair in Comparative Politics at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Chinese and American Studies, at Nanjing University in China. For his work with Johns Hopkins University and his subsequent accomplishments, he was inducted to the Johns Hopkins University Society of Scholars in 2007.

Dr. Gill has a long record of research and publication on international and regional security issues, including regarding arms control, non-proliferation, peacekeeping and military-technical development, especially with regard to China and Asia. In recent years, his work has broadened to encompass other contemporary security-related trends, including multilateral security organizations, the impact of domestic politics and development on the foreign policies of states, and the nexus of public health and security. Dr. Gill received his Ph.D in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia in 1991. He received his B.A. from Albion College, with a double major in Political Science and French. He is fluent in Chinese, English, and French.

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Dr. Michael Green
Senior Vice President and Japan Chair, CSIS
Associate Professor, Georgetown Asian Studies Program

Michael Green is an associate professor of international relations at GeorgetownUniversity. He is also a senior adviser and holds the Japan Chair at CSIS. He previouslyserved as special assistant to the president for national security affairs and seniordirector for Asian affairs at the National Security Council (NSC), from January 2004to December 2005, after joining the NSC in April 2001 as director of Asian affairs withresponsibility for Japan, Korea, and Australia/New Zealand. His current research andwriting is focused on Asian regional architecture, Japanese politics, U.S. foreign policyhistory, the Korean peninsula, Tibet, Burma, and U.S.-India relations.

Dr. Green speaks fluent Japanese and spent over five years in Japan working as a staffmember of the National Diet, as a journalist for Japanese and American newspapers, andas a consultant for U.S. business. He has also been on the faculty of the Johns HopkinsSchool of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), a fellow at the Council on ForeignRelations, a staff member at the Institute for Defense Analyses, and a senior adviser tothe Office of Asia-Pacific Affairs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. He graduated from Kenyon College with highest honors in history in 1983 and received his M.A. fromJohns Hopkins SAIS in 1987 and his Ph.D. in 1994. He also did graduate work at TokyoUniversity as a Fulbright fellow and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as aresearch associate of the MIT-Japan Program. He is a member of the Council on ForeignRelations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and the Aspen Strategy Group.He is also vice chair of the congressionally mandated Japan-U.S. Friendship Commissionand serves on the advisory boards of the Center for a New American Security andAustralian American Leadership Dialogue and the editorial board of The Washington Quarterly.

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Matthew Herrmann
Legislative Director for Congresswoman Madeleine Z. Bordallo (D-Guam)

Matthew Herrmann currently serves as Legislative Director for CongresswomanMadeleine Z. Bordallo (Guam) with oversight for the Congresswoman’s work on theHouse Armed Services Committee, as well as transportation and homeland securityissues. Prior to working in the House of Representatives he was the Executive Officerfor the National Guard Bureau’s Office of Legislative Liaison where he providedcounsel to senior National Guard leaders on legislative matters. Matt also ran his ownconsulting firm, Herrmann Consulting, which provided strategic political and websitecommunication advice to local campaigns, advocacy groups, small businesses andvarious non-profit organizations. Matt serves as an adjunct faculty member in theDepartment of Government at American University, teaching a newly developed courseentitled “Politics & Policy in the Electronic Age,” which was designed to give students aunique, ‘real world’ look at how technology is impacting the entire American politicalsystem from Congress to interest groups to Executive branch agencies. Matt currentlyresides in North Bethesda, Maryland. He holds a B.A. in political science and a Master ofPublic Affairs degree, both from American University.

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The Honourable Robert Hill AC
Adjunct Professor, US Studies Centre and
Former Minister for Defence, Australia

Robert Hill was a member of the Australian Senate from 1981 to 2006, representingSouth Australia. He was educated at the University of Adelaide and the London Schoolof Economics, where he gained a Master’s degree in law.

Hill was Leader of the Government in the Senate from March 1996 until his resignationin January 2006. He was Minister for the Environment 1996-98, Minister for theEnvironment and Heritage 1998-2001 and Minister for Defence from November 2001 toJanuary 2006.

In July 2005 the Coalition parties took control of the Senate and Hill became the firstGovernment Leader in the Senate since 1981 to command a majority in the chamber. InJanuary 2006 he announced his resignation from the Parliament.

Hill was Ambassador to the United Nations for Australia from 2006 - 2009. In July2009, Hill was appointed by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd as Chairman of the AustralianCarbon Trust. In June 2012, he was awarded a Companion of the Order of Australia.

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Senator The Honourable David Johnston
Shadow Minister for Defence, Australia

Senator David Johnston graduated with a law degree from the University of WesternAustralia in 1979. He worked for many years as a barrister and solicitor both in Kalgoorlieand Perth, in areas including criminal, mining, native title and administrative law.

His involvement with the Liberal Party of WA began with membership to the UWALiberal Club (1974 -79). Between 1986 and 2001 he was a member of the Kalgoorlie/Boulder Branch. In 1997 Senator Johnston was honoured to be elected to serve as StatePresident of the Liberal Party of WA, a position he held for four years.

After working in the law for 20 years, Senator Johnston was elected as a Liberal Senatorfor Western Australia in 2001, entering the Senate on 1 July 2002. He became activelyinvolved in a number of committees, which included working on issues relating todefence and national security; native title and workplace relations.

In March 2007 Senator Johnston was appointed by Prime Minister John Howard to serveas Minister for Justice and Customs.

Since the 2007 election, Senator Johnston has been a member of the Shadow Ministry, asShadow Minister for Resources, Energy and Tourism until September 2008, when he wasappointed Shadow Minister for Defence and elevated to Shadow Cabinet.

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Dr. Kim Changsu
Senior Research Fellow and Director of the Center for Security and Strategy,
Korea Institute for Defense Analyses

KIM Changsu, Ph.D., is a Senior Research Fellow at the Korea Institute for DefenseAnalyses (KIDA), a defense think tank affiliated with the ROK Ministry of NationalDefense in Seoul, Korea. He is also a member of the Standing Committee of the AdvisoryCouncil on Democratic and Peaceful Unification, a Constitutional political body, andDirector of International Affairs of the Military Operations Research Society of Korea(MORSK). He graduated from the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies in 1977 andreceived his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Cincinnati in 1985 andjoined the Institute that year. Dr. Kim was an APSA Congressional Fellow with the Officeof Rep. Solomon P. Ortiz (D-TX) from 1989 to 1990. At KIDA he has served as Directorof Japan Studies and Director of Regional Military Affairs, and currently Director ofUS Studies. Also, until 2003, he was Editor-in-Chief for The Korean Journal of DefenseAnalysis (KJDA), a biannual English journal published by KIDA and registered with theSocial Science Citations Index (SSCI). He is the co-author of several books includingA New Alliance for the Next Century (RAND, 1995) and Korea: Security Pivot inNortheast Asia (Hudson, 1998). His areas of research interest include the ROK-USalliance, security and military strategies, arms control, and multilateral security dialogueand cooperation in Northeast Asia.

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Assistant Secretary Mark Lippert
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs

Mark W. Lippert is the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific SecurityAffairs (APSA). He is the principal advisor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policyand the Secretary of Defense on international security strategy and policy related to thenations and international organizations of Asia and the Pacific, their governments anddefense establishments, and for oversight of security cooperation programs, includingforeign military sales, in the region.

Prior to being confirmed in April 2012, he completed a two-year mobilization to activeduty in the United States Navy. During that time, which included a deployment toAfghanistan, he served as an intelligence officer for Naval Special Operations Forces.

Mr. Lippert served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff for the NationalSecurity Council in 2009. In 2008, he was Deputy Director for Foreign Policy on the Obama-Biden Transition Team and Senior Foreign Policy Adviser on the Obama forAmerica campaign. From 2007 to 2008, Mr. Lippert served as an intelligence officer withNaval Special Operations Forces in Iraq.

Previously, he worked as foreign policy adviser for then-Senator Obama from 2005 to 2008,where he managed the senator’s work on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. From2000 to 2005, he was a professional staff member on the Senate Appropriations Committee,State-Foreign Operations Subcommittee, advising Senator Patrick Leahy on a range offoreign aid and security assistance issues. From 1999 to 2000 he was a foreign and defensepolicy adviser to Senator Tom Daschle and the Senate Democratic Policy Committee.

Mr. Lippert’s military awards and decorations include the Bronze Star Medal for hisservice in Iraq. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Stanford University with a Political Science and holds an M.A. in International Policy Studies from the sameinstitution. He also studied Mandarin Chinese at Beijing University.

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Oriana Skylar Mastro
Fellow, Center for a New American Security (CNAS)

Oriana Skylar Mastro is a doctoral candidate in the Politics department at PrincetonUniversity, where she focuses on military operations and strategy, war termination, andNortheast Asia, China in particular. She will begin teaching at the Edmund A. WalshSchool of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in August as an assistant professorof security studies. Ms Mastro is also a Fellow at the Center for a New American Security(CNAS) and a 1LT in the United States Air Force Reserve where she works as an Asia-Pacific strategist at the Pentagon.

Ms. Mastro has published in several venues including the Journal of Strategic Studies,Journal of Defence Studies, the Diplomat, the Atlantic, the New Republic, and FinancialTimes. A 2012-2013 University of Virginia Miller Center National Fellow, she is alsoa Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Pacific Forum Sasakawa PeaceFellow and a Future Leader at Foreign Policy Initiative (FPI). She has worked on Chinapolicy issues at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, RAND Corporation,U.S. Pacific Command, Project 2049, and the U.S. Department of Defense and has testifiedfor the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. In 2011, the DiplomaticCourier named her one of the top 99 most influential international professionals under 33.

Highly proficient in Mandarin, Ms. Mastro also worked at a Chinese valve-manufacturingfirm in Beijing as a translator and makes frequent appearances on a Chinese-languagedebate show. She holds a B.A. in East Asian Studies from Stanford University and an Politics from Princeton University.

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Colonel David Maxwell
Associate Director, Georgetown Center for Security Studies

David Maxwell is a 30-year veteran of the U.S. Army, retiring as a Special Forces Colonel,with his final assignment serving on the military faculty teaching national security strategyat the National War College. He spent the majority of his military service overseas withnearly 25 years in Asia, primarily in Korea, Japan and the Philippines, leading organizationsfrom the SF A-Team to the Joint Special Operations Task Force level.

David holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from Miami University inOxford, Ohio and Master of Military Arts and Science degrees from the U.S. ArmyCommand and General Staff College and the School of Advanced Military Studies and aMaster of Science degree in National Security Studies from the National War College ofthe National Defense University. He is the author of numerous works on Korea, SpecialOperations, Foreign Internal Defense, Unconventional Warfare and National Security. Heand his family reside in Northern Virginia.

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Dr. Tom McNaugher
Senior Visiting Professor and Director of Studies, Georgetown Center forSecurity Studies

Before leaving the RAND Corporation in June 2011 to join the Security Studies Programfaculty, Dr. Thomas McNaugher was a Senior Analyst at RAND and Director of its Center for Asia Pacific Policy (CAPP). From June 2001 to March 2007, he was RAND’sVice President for Army Research and Director of the RAND Arroyo Center, the Army’sfederally-funded research institute. From 1981 to 1995, Dr. McNaugher was first a ResearchAssociate and, after 1989, a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He is a member ofthe Council on Foreign Relations and the editorial board of Joint Forces Quarterly.

A West Point graduate, Dr. McNaugher served as an active duty Army officer from 1968to 1975, including a tour as an advisor in the Republic of Vietnam from 1970 to 1971. Asa mobilized Army Reservist, McNaugher participated in Operations Desert Shield andDesert Storm, on the Arabian Peninsula, from December 1990 to May 1991. ColonelMcNaugher retired from the US Army Reserves in January 2000.

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Dr. Jamie Morin
Acting Under Secretary of the Air Force
Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management & Comptroller

Dr. Jamie Morin is responsible for Department of the Air Force affairs on behalf of theSecretary of the Air Force, including the organizing, training, equipping and providing forthe welfare of its more than 333,000 active duty men and women, 178,000 Air NationalGuard and the Air Force Reserve members, 182,000 civilians, and their families. He alsooversees the Air Force’s annual budget of more than $110 billion and serves as actingSecretary of the Air Force in the Secretary’s absence. As acting Under Secretary, Dr. Morinalso serves as the Chief Management Officer of the Air Force, the senior Air Force energyofficial, and the focal point for space within Air Force Headquarters.

From 2003 until his current appointment, Dr. Morin was a member of the professional staffof the U.S. Senate Committee on the Budget. In this capacity, he served as the committee’slead analyst for the defense, intelligence, and foreign affairs budgets, responsible fordrafting the relevant sections of the congressional budget resolution and advising theSenate on enforcement of budget rules. Additionally, he advised the Chairman of theBudget Committee on the full range of national security issues.

Earlier in his career, Dr. Morin served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and as aneconomic development strategist with the firm J.E. Austin Associates, where he workedon projects for the U.S. Agency for International Development. Dr. Morin’s academicresearch focused on U.S. national security policy, particularly the role of Congress indefense budgeting and policy making. He held in-residence fellowships at the Universityof Virginia’s Miller Center for Public Affairs and at the Center for Strategic and BudgetaryAssessments, where he conducted research for the Pentagon’s Office of Net Assessment.He also served as a policy adviser on President Obama’s defense transition team. He wasconfirmed as the 21st Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management andComptroller on June 19, 2009, and appointed by the President as acting Under Secretary onJuly 3, 2012.

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Major General Jeffrey J. Snow
Director of Strategy, Plans and Policy
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, United States Army

Major General Jeffrey J. Snow was commissioned a Lieutenant of Infantry in 1983 aftergraduation from the United States Military Academy. He has served in a variety ofcommand and staff positions in the United States, Germany, Kosovo, Kuwait, and Iraq.He is currently assigned as the Director of Strategy, Plans and Policy, Office of the DeputyChief of Staff G3/5/7. In this capacity, Major General Snow is responsible for developing,articulating, and advancing strategic plans, concepts, and policies that shape thegeostrategic security environment and allow Army senior leaders to meet national securityrequirements.

Major General Snow’s staff assignments include Company Executive Officer and BattalionS1/Adjutant in 2nd Battalion, 6th Infantry in Erlangen Germany; Company and BattalionTactical Operations Officer, West Point, NY; Battalion Operations Officer, Chief ofOperations, and Brigade Operations Officer in the 10th Mountain Division, Fort Drum,NY; Strategic Planner to the Army G3 in the Pentagon; Senior Task Force ObserverController at the Training Center in Hohenfels, Germany; Executive Officer to the Commanding General, Third U.S. Army / Coalition Forces Land Component Command(CLFCC) stationed primarily in Kuwait; Director of the Iraq Army Training and AdvisoryMission – Army and Director of Strategy, Plans and Assessments for USF-Iraq duringOperation Iraqi Freedom / Operation New Dawn.

Major General Snow had the privilege to command B Company, 2d Battalion, 6th Infantryin Erlangen, Germany; 2nd Battalion 2nd Infantry in Vilseck, Germany as well as in Kosovo during Operation Joint Guardian and 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Infantry at FortDrum in New York as well as in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom, and 20th SupportCommand (CBRNE) / JTF-WMD-Elimination at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland.

Major General Snow is a graduate of the Infantry Officer Basic Course, the InfantryOfficer Advanced Course, Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College. He has Masters’ Degrees in Social Psychology and Strategic Studies. His awardsand decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior ServiceMedal with Oak Leaf Cluster (OLC), Legion of Merit with OLC, Bronze Star Medal withOLC, Meritorious Service Medal with 3 OLC, Joint Service Commendation Medal, ArmyCommendation Medal with 4 OLC, and Army Achievement Medal with OLC. He has alsoearned the Expert Infantry Badge, Combat Infantry Badge, Ranger Tab, Parachutist Badge,Army Staff Identification Badge, and Joint Staff Identification Badge.

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Dr. Russell Trood
Director and Adjunct Professor, Defence and Security Program
United StatesStudies Centre

Dr. Russell Trood leads the US Studies Centre’s Defence and Security program, in whichhe also serves as an Adjunct Professor. He was previously a Liberal Senator for Queenslandfrom July 2005 until June 2011. During this time he filled a number of roles including the Chair of the Senate Standing References Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade,Deputy Chair of the Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade,and a member of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade.

Prior to his election, Dr. Trood was an Associate Professor of International Relations atGriffith University and a Visiting Fellow at the Lowy Institute for International Policy.

Dr. Trood trained in law at the University of Sydney, has a Master’s degree in strategicstudies from the University of Wales, and a PhD in international relations from Dalhousie University, Canada.

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Lieutenant General Noboru Yamaguchi
Professor and Director for International Programs, National Defense Academyof Japan (NDA)

Lieutenant General Yamaguchi (Ret.) is now professor and Director for InternationalPrograms of the National Defense Academy of Japan. He graduated from the NDA,majoring in applied physics, in 1974, and trained as an army aviator mainly flyinghelicopters. He received his MA from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, TuftsUniversity in 1988 and was a National Security Fellow at the John M. Olin Institute forStrategic Studies, Harvard University 1991-1992. LTG Yamaguchi’s major assignmentsincluded Senior Defense Attaché at the Japanese Embassy in the United States (1999-2001), Deputy Commandant of GSDF Aviation School (2001-2003), Director for Researchof the GSDF Research and Development Command (2003-2005), Vice President of theNational Institute for Defense Studies (2005-2006), and Commanding General of theGSDF Research and Development Command (2006-2008). After retiring from activeduty in December 2008, LTG Yamaguchi began teaching military history and strategyin April 2009. After the East Japan Great Earthquake, he served at the Prime Minister’sOfficial Residence as Special Adviser to the Cabinet on Crisis Management from March toSeptember 2011.

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RADM Yang Yi
Former Director, Institute for Strategic Studies at
People’s Liberation ArmyNational Defense University

Rear Admiral Yang Yi (PLA Navy – Retired) was born on 21 September 1949 in Tianjin,China, and joined the Chinese Navy in 1968. In early 2002 Rear Admiral Yang was nameddirector of the Institute for Strategic Studies at the PLA National Defense University afterserving as the deputy director general of that institute from late 2000.

In addition to his current responsibilities, Rear Admiral Yang has served in the followingpositions in the Chinese navy: 1968-72, engineer, Naval Air Arm, South Sea fleet; 1972-79, instructor, Surface Warfare Training Center, East Sea Fleet; 1979-81, naval technicalassistance expert to the navy of Cameroon; 1981-83, executive commanding officer, frigate,East Sea Fleet; 1983-85, Staff Officer, PLA Navy Headquarters; 1985-90, director, PLANavy Foreign Affairs Bureau; 1990-95, deputy director general of the General Office andInternational Policy Adviser of the Commander in Chief of the PLA Navy; and 1995-2000,naval attaché, embassy of the People’s Republic of China, Washington, DC.

Rear Admiral Yang is a graduate of Peking University and of Laval University in Canada.He studies at the National Defense University and the National Defense Science andTechnology University in China. He also studied briefly at the Institut d’Études Politiquesde Paris in France. Rear Admiral Yang has a good command of both French and Englishand is an expert on national security and military strategy, international relations, andforeign policy. He has attended many international conferences and has given a greatnumber of lectures in a wide variety of countries. Rear Admiral Yang is married to BaiXiangyun and has a daughter named Yang Yalin.

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